The Second World War called for a level of technological innovation and economic efficiency unknown in prior conflicts. Robert Menzies, Prime Minister throughout many of the changes that followed the war, later reflected:
The Second World War brought about great social changes. In the eye of the future observer, the greatest may well prove to be in the field of higher education.
Universities were indeed required to change substantially. They needed to agree on the proper place of research, innovation and new disciplines; they had to consider the university’s role in education and training for new segments of Australia’s workforce; and they were compelled to negotiate new relationships with government and industry.
To keep reading, see: Chapter One: Knowledge and Technology, 1939-1957