The university was everywhere being reconsidered and restructured, its relationships transformed. In this decade, the structure of obligations within the community of scholars would change. The connections between universities and society would also be irrevocably altered. These changes were seen, by reformers, as a good thing. Knowledge, most assumed, would stay the same. It would be of a higher quality, many hoped. Produced more efficiently, the public demanded. But agents of change assumed that knowledge would be fundamentally the same substance it had always been, despite a radical trransformation of the conditions that protected it. They were wrong.